Above: prehistoric bearded seal foot bones, adult and newborn

Research Sponsored by Pacific ID (In whole or in part)

Publications resulting from research & development projects undertaken by Pacific ID.

Page 1: Zoogeography, paleozoology, zooarchaeology and ostemetry: 1990-2012
Page 2: Osteometric and genetic analyses of extinct NW Coast and Northern BC dogs: 1990-2012
Page 3: Domestication and speciation theory: 1996-2012
Page 4: Major research reports: 1996-2012, plus recent & on-going collaborations
Page 5: Publications resulting from Pacific ID contracting activities (co-authored & other authors)
Page 6: Magazine articles on Pacific ID projects or principals (other authors)

Publications resulting from Pacific ID contracting activities (co-authored & other authors) 

Tollit, D.J., Schulze, A., Trites, A.W., Olesiuk, P., Crockford, S.J., Gelatt, T., Ream, R., and K. Miller. 2009. Development and application of DNA techniques for validating and improving pinniped diet estimates based on conventional scat analysis. Ecological Applications 19(4) [July issue]: 889-905. ** IN PRINT, CONTACT US FOR A COPY** this study compares Crockford's bone ID of prey species to DNA analysis.

Sigler, M.F., Tollit, D.J., Vollenweider, J.J., Thedinga, J.F., Csepp, D.J., Womble, J.N., Wong, M.A., Rehberg,
M.J., and Trites, A.W. 2009. Steller sea lion foraging response to seasonal changes in prey availability. Marine Ecology Progress Series 388:243-261.

McKenzie, J. and K.M. Wynne. 2008. Spatial and temporal variation in the diet of Steller sea lions in the Kodiak Archipelago, 1999-2005. Marine Ecology Progress Series 360:265-283.

Trites, A.W., Calkins, D.G., and A.J. Winship. 2007. Diets of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Southeast Alaska, 1993-1999. Fishery Bulletin 105:234-248.

Womble, J.N., and M.F. Sigler. 2006. Seasonal availability of abundance, energy-rich prey influences the abundance and diet of a marine predator, the Steller sea lion Eumatopias jubatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 325:281-293.

Zeppelin, T.K., and R.R. Ream. 2006.Foraging habitats based on the diet of female northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) on the Pribilof Islands, Alaska. Journal of Zoology 270:565-576.

Gudmundson, C.J., Zeppelin, T.K., and R.R. Ream. 2006. Application of two methods for determining diet of northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus). Fishery Bulletin 104:445-455.

Deagle, B.E., Tollit, D.J., Jarman, N., Hindell, A, Trites, A.W., and N.J. Gales. 2005. Molecular scatology as a tool to study diet: analysis of prey DNA in scats from captive Steller sea lions. Molecular Ecology 14:1831-1842.

Womble, J.N., Willson, M.F., Sigler, M.F., Kelly, B.P., and G.R. VanBlaricom. 2005. Distribution of Steller sea lions (Eumatopias jubatus) in relation to spring-spawning fish in SE Alaska. Marine Ecology Progress Series 294:271-282.

Ramsey, C.L., Griffiths, P.A., Fedje, D.W., Wigen, R.J. and Q. Mackie. 2004. Preliminary investigation of a Late Wisconsinan fauna from K1 Cave, Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii), Canada. Quaternary Research 62:105-109.

Tollit, D.J., Heaslip, S.G., Zeppelin, T.K., Joy, R., and K.A. Call. 2004. A method to improve size estimates of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcograma) and Atka mackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius) consumed by pinnipeds: digestion correction factors applied to bones and otoliths recovered in scats. Fishery Bulletin 102:498-508.

Zeppelin, T.K., Tollit, D.J., Call, K.A., Orchard, T.J., and C.J. Gudmundson. 2004. Sizes of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcograma) and Atka mackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius) consumed by the western stock of Steller sea lions (Eumatopias jubatus) in Alaska from 1998 to 2000. Fishery Bulletin 102:509-521.

Orchard, T. 2003. An Application of the Linear Regression Technique for Determining Length and Weight of Six Fish Taxa: The Role of Selected Fish Species in Aleut Paleodiet . BAR International Series (Archaeopress) 1172.

Ward, B.C., Wilson, M.C., Nagorsen, D.W., Nelson, D.E., Driver, J.C. and R.J. Wigen . 2003. Port Eliza Cave: North American west coast interstadial environment and implications for human migrations. Quaternary Science Reviews 22:1383-1388.

Acheson, S. and R. J. Wigen . 2002. Evidence for a prehistoric whaling tradition among the Haida. Journal of Northwest Anthropology 36(2):155-168.

Fedje, D. W., Wigen, R. J. , Mackie, Q., Lake, C. R. and I. D. Sumpter. 2001 . Preliminary results from investigations at Kilgii Gwaay: An early Holocene archaeological site on Ellen Island, Haida Gwaii, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 25:98-120.

Merrick, R. L., Chumbley, M. K. and G. V. Byrd. 1997 . Diet diversity of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus ) and their population decline in Alaska: a potential relationship. Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences 54:1342-1348.

Riemer, S. D. and R. F. Brown. 1997 . Prey of pinnipeds at selected sites in Oregon identified by scat (fecal) analysis, 1983-1996 . Oregon Dept. Fish & Wildlife Technical Report #97-6-02.

Cottrell, P. E. 1995 . Diet, activity budgets, and movement patterns Of harbour seals ( Phoca vitulina ) in Cowachan Bay and adjacent areas. M.Sc. thesis (Biology), University of Victoria, B.C.

Hanson, L. C. 1993 . The foraging ecology of harbor seals, Phoca vitulina, and California sea lions, Zalophus californianus , at the mouth of the Russian R., California. M.A. thesis (Biology) Sonoma State University,CA

Matson, R. G. 1992 . The evolution of Northwest Coast subsistence. pp. 367-428 In: Croes, D.R., Hawkins, R.A. & B.L. Isaac (eds.) Long-term Subsistence Change in Prehistoric North America. Research in Economic Anthropology, Supplement 6. Greenwich, JAI Press Inc.

Olesiuk, P.F., Bigg, M.A., Ellis, G.M., Crockford, S.J. & R.J. Wigen . 1990 . An assessment of the feeding habits of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, based on scat analysis . Canadian Technical Reports on Fisheries & Aquatic Science.
1730, 135 p.


Above: prehistoric dog skull